The Film:
Further Reading

Blemaster, Arthur W.  The Community of Meadville on the Underground Railroad Meadville, PA.  MA thesis, Allegheny College Press, 1926.

Blockson, Charles L. African Americans in Pennsylvania Above Ground and Underground, An Illustrated Guide Harrisburg, PA:  R.B. Books, 2001. 

__________. The Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania Jacksonville, NC: Flame International, Inc., 1981.

_________. Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad, New York:  Hippocrene Books, 1994

_________. The Underground Railroad.  New York:  Prentice Hall Press, 1987.

Bolster, W. Jeffrey.  Black Jacks:  African American Seamen in the Days of Sail.  Cambridge, MA:  Harvard University Press, 1997.

Clarke, Lewis, and Clark, Milton.  Narratives of the Sufferings of Lewis and Milton Clarke,
Sons of a Soldier of the Revolution, During a Captivity of More than Twenty Years Among the Slaveholders of Kentucky, One of the So-Called Christian States of North America.
Boston MA: Bela Marsh, 1846.

Craft, William.  Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; or, The Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery. London: W. Tweedie, 1860.

Delamater, George B.  “Old John Brown.”  Tribune-Rebublican, Meadville, PA, May 12, 1888.

Dixon, Armendia P. Meadville Ebony Genealogy of Sorts. Meadville, PA, April 1988.

Douglass, Frederick.  Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself.  Anti-slavery Office of Boston, 1845.

Drew, Benjamin.  A North-Side View of Slavery:  The Refugee or the Narratives of Fugitive Slaves in Canada Related by Themselves. Boston:  John P. Jewett and Co., 1856.

Dubois, W.E.B., John Brown, A Biography.. new edition with primary documents and introduction by John David Smith.  Armonk, NY:  M.E. Sharpe, Inc. 1997.

Franklin, John Hope, and Schweninger, Loren.  Runaway Slaves:  Rebels on the Plantation New York:  Oxford University Press, 1999.

Gara, Larry.  The Liberty Line:  The Legend of the Underground RailroadLexington, KY:  University of Kentucky Press, 1967.

Garlick, Charles A., Life, Including His Escape and Struggle for Liberty of Charles A. Garlick, Born a Slave in Old Virginia, Who Secured His Freedom by Running Away from His Master's Farm in 1843. Jefferson, Ohio:  J.A. Howells & Co., 1902.

Henson, Josiah.  Father Henson’s Story of His Own Life.  Boston:  John P. Jewett and Co., 1858.

Horton, James Oliver, and Horton, Lois E.  In Hope of Liberty:  Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860New York:  Oxford University Press, 1997.

Horton, James Oliver.  Free People of Color.  Washington, DC:  Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.

Lingo, William R.  The Pennsylvania Career of John Brown. Corry, Pennsylvania.  1926

Loguen, Jermain W.  The Rev. J.W. Loguen, as a Slave and a Freeman.  Syracuse, NY:  J. G. K. Truair and Co., 1859.

Magdol, Edward.  The Antislavery Rank and File, A Social Profile of the Abolitionists Constituency.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press, Inc., 1986.

Miller, Ernest C. John Brown:  Pennsylvania Citizen.  State College, PA:  Pennsylvania State University Press, 1952.

Miller, Randall M. and Pencak, William, editors.  Pennsylvania, A History of the Commonwealth.  University Park, PA:  The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission and Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.

Nash, Gary B. and Sonderlund, Jean R.  Freedom by Degrees.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1990.

Oates, Stephen B. To Purge this Land with Blood:  A Biography of John Brown.  New York:  Harper and Row, 1970

Petit, Eber M..  Sketches in the History of the Underground Railroad Fredonia, NY:  W. McKinstry & Son, 1879.

Quarles, Benjamin.  “Harriet Tuman’s Unlikely Leadership” in Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century edited by Leon F. Litwack and August Meier.  Urbana, IL:  University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Ripley, C. Peter, editor. The Black Abolitionist Papers. Chapel Hill, NC University of North Carolina Press, 1986.  

Siebert, Wilbur H.  The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom.  New York:  The Macmillan Company, 1898.

Smedley, Robert C.  History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the Neighboring Counties of PennsylvaniaLancaster, PA, 1853.

Still, William.  The Underground Railroad.  Chicago:  Johnson Publishing Co., 1970. (first published, 1872).

Stauffer, John.  The Black Hearts of Men, Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race.  Cambridge, MA:  Harvard University Press, 2002.

Stouffer, Allen P.  The Light of Nature and the Law of God, Antislavery in Ontario 1833-1877.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana State University Press, 1992.

Thompson, Sarah S., with additional research from Karen James. Journey from Jerusalem: An Illustrated Introduction to Erie’s African American History, 1795-1995, Erie, PA:  Erie County Historical Society, 1996.

Trotter, Joe William and Smith, Eric L., editors.  African Americans in Pennsylvania, Shifting Historical Perspectives. University Park, PA:  The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission and The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Wilson, Gregory.  A Sojourner’s Sketch of Sugar Grove.  Sugar Grove, PA:  GW Books,  2000.

Underground Railroad.  Division of Publications, National Park Service, 1998.